There are a number of theories that have been advanced by philosophers in history. While some of these philosophers changed the way politics is studied, other didn’t have much impact on the subject. The fact is that some of the theories are anchored on common law, whereas others are inclined towards other facets of politics. Some of the most common theories used in the study of politics are; Marxist theory, public choice theory, rationality theorem, and safety valve theory. The others that fall in the same range are; Michigan model, selectorate theorem, Taftian theory, and power resource theory.
It is elemental to note that the theories vary from the angle on the political subject that they tackle. For instance, what institutional theory deals with, relatively varies with what theories of political behavior and power resource theory tries to explain. It is based on this fact that you need to understand at least the basics of each theory to be able to analyze a political situation from an informed perspective. However, it goes without saying that no matter the political angle you look at a specific case, there will be varying levels of interdependence between the mentioned theories.
The different political science theories can also be found in other areas of study including the social sciences. In other words, this means that some of the theories are multidisciplinary while others are not. The philosophers who are credited for solidifying some of these theories differed in their attribution to matters that concern governance. However, there is always a consensus on other precepts that are directly related to power. These philosophers can be grouped into different categories, and these include; the ancient or medieval philosophers, the modern philosophers, those born in the 19th century and those born in 18th century. Note that some of the political science theories were developed over time, so the subject matter tends to change over the period a theory was developed.
There are a good number of political science philosophers who had a great impact on how politics is perceived. What this means is that their thoughts have stood the test of time, and dynamics of governance has changed based on what they stated. The popular names that have influenced this landscape include; Machiavelli, Plato, and Aristotle. The others whose influence is notable include; John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Montesquieu, and David Hume. The two philosophers that cannot be left out on this list are Mohammad Ibn-al Wahab, and Al-Mawardi, their theories were unique, and happened to touch the very core elements of governance.
In all theories, there is an emphasis put on analysis of the core elements that control politics. The power to rule, the power to control, and the desire for mutual benefit as man is a social animal by nature. As a matter of fact, all these theories are only meant to discover power, and what effect it has on humans.